During the past few years, especially after the legalisation of cannabis, cannabis and hemp cultivation has increased greatly. As its uses seem unlimited, many hobby growers have started adding these awesome plants to their outdoor gardens.
There are several benefits of growing cannabis outdoors such as lower product costs, higher yields, and a more organic growing environment. However, successfully growing cannabis outdoors requires careful planning and attention to detail.
In this article, we’ll learn about five essential tips for growing cannabis outdoors.
First Tip: Check your local laws
No one wants to go to jail just for unknowingly planting an illegal plant. So the first step is to learn about your local laws concerning cannabis cultivation or ask a lawyer in this regard. Cannabis has been legalized in most parts of the USA and Canada, however, it is always advisable to check before you grow it in or around your home.
For instance, Canada allows the use of cannabis and one can grow up to 4 plants on their premises for recreational purposes. The two provinces Quebec and Manitoba are the exceptions where it is still prohibited to grow cannabis at home.
Many regions have a rule saying cannabis cannot be seen from public areas. You may need to keep your plants somewhat hidden from prying eyes.
The laws keep changing so again it is advised to read the latest news about cannabis laws in your area.
Second Tip: Choose a sunny spot
Choosing a sunny spot is crucial for growing cannabis outdoors because cannabis plants require plenty of light to grow and thrive. The ideal location will be one that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day, more is always better.
Copious amounts of light is required for cannabis to grow its biggest and produce its largest yields. Insufficient sunlight can result in weak plants with less than ideal harvest weights.
North facing hills in the northern hemisphere are a good choice because of the little extra sunlight they would receive throughout the summer months. On very hot sunny days, keep your plants well hydrated as the soil can quickly dry out.
Third Tip: Pick the right cultivar for your area
Selecting the right cultivar for your specific area is an essential step in growing cannabis outdoors. Different cultivars can have different growth requirements and thrive in particular climates.
Plant gender: One important consideration when selecting a cultivar is the gender of the plants. Only female cannabis plants produce THC and CBD-rich flowers that are highly valued for their medicinal and recreational properties. Therefore, it’s crucial to choose feminized seeds, which ensure that all your plants will be female. Male cannabis plants pollinate female plants causing them to produce seeds and weaker THC. Avoid male cannabis plants in your garden to prevent cross pollination. If you see a male plant it’s best to cut it down it before it releases pollen so your plants or your neighbors won’t be pollinated.
Learn more about how to identify the gender of the cannabis plant
Strains suited for particular climates: Indica and auto-flowering varieties are typically better suited for colder climates, while sativas are better suited for hotter and more humid environments. Indicas are generally shorter and bushier, while sativas are taller and have longer flowering periods. If you live in a climate with cool wet fall, choose a cultivar that is resistant to mold.
Other characteristics: In addition to climate, the growth characteristics of each cultivar, such as the plant’s height, flowering time, and yield potential should also be considered. If you have nosy neighbours, you might want cultivars that don’t grow too tall, an autoflower or an indica with a little low-stress training might be ideal. If you have a very short summer then an auto flower or a fast-flowering cultivar should get you to harvest by late September instead of October.
Visit our seed selection guide for more information.
Also, check out which are the Best Outdoor Cannabis Cultivars To Grow.
Fourth Tip: Harvest at the right time
Harvesting cannabis at the right time is essential because it ensures the best possible potency and flavor.
One way to determine the right time to harvest is by observing the flower pistils (hair-like structures that protrude from the buds). As the plant matures, these pistils change color from white to orange or reddish-brown. When about 80% of the pistils have turned this amber color, it’s typically a good indicator that the buds are ready to harvest.
You can also examine the trichomes (small, tree-like structures on the surface of the buds). Trichomes contain the cannabinoids and terpenes that give cannabis its unique flavor and effects. When trichomes appear milky white and have started to turn amber, it’s typically a sign that the buds are ripe and ready for harvest. You can observe these trichomes by using a pocket magnifier.
Once you’ve determined that it’s time to harvest, it’s important to dry and cure your buds properly. After drying, the buds should be placed in jars for curing, which involves opening and closing the jars periodically to allow for air exchange.
Fifth Tip: Use Nutrients specific to Cannabis
Cannabis has specific nutrient requirements that differ from other plants, and using fertilizers that are not specifically designed for cannabis can lead to nutrient deficiencies, toxic buildup, and poor growth. This is why it’s important to use nutrients that are specifically formulated for cannabis to get the best results.
To get a better understanding read more about nutrients and fertilizers specific to Cannabis.
Our company Reefertilizer provides a line of nutrients specifically designed for cannabis. We offer a complete nutrient system that includes base nutrients, bloom boosters, and other supplements to promote healthy growth and maximize yields.
Reefertilizer’s nutrient system is designed to be simple and easy to use, with clear instructions for each stage of growth. It helps beginners grow plants they’re proud of the first time.
Tips for managing pests and diseases
Managing pests and diseases is an essential part of growing cannabis outside, as these can quickly damage or even destroy your plants if left untreated. Following are some tips to avoid this situation:
- Preventative measures: Ensure that your grow area is clean and free of debris. Use clean tools and equipment, and avoid overwatering or overfertilizing your plants.
- Identify the problem: Look for symptoms such as yellowing leaves, brown spots, or visible insects on your plants.
- Use organic solutions: Use organic solutions to manage pests. Neem oil, insecticidal soap, and other natural remedies can be effective at controlling pests and diseases without harming your plants.
- Quarantine infected plants: Quarantine the plant in a separate area and treat it accordingly until the problem is resolved.
- Animal deterrents: Deer and moose can strip your plants clean in a matter of minutes. If these animals are in your area, you might want to fence in your garden.
- Powdery mildew and mold: When temps are cool and the weather is wet you have the perfect conditions for mold to grow. After a rain, shake your plants to remove the excess water on the leaves and buds. Bushy plants tend to hold moist air, a little pruning can help with airflow and prevent mold growth.
If you’re looking for high-quality nutrients specifically designed for cannabis, consider checking out Reefertilizer’s line of products. With our easy-to-use system and clear instructions for each stage of growth, Reefertilizer can help you achieve healthy growth and maximum yields from your cannabis plants.
This guide will answer many questions about growing cannabis, like the following...
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