Cannabis Glossary – Growing Methods

When it comes to cannabis cultivation, there are various techniques that can help growers maximize their yields and optimize plant health. 

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Aeroponics

Aeroponics is a soilless growing method that involves suspending the plant’s roots in a nutrient-rich water vapor environment. By misting the roots with a nutrient solution, growers provide plants with essential nutrients while maximizing oxygen absorption. This technique promotes rapid growth and can result in healthier plants and higher yields.

week 6 for an autoflowering plant

Autoflower

Autoflowering cannabis varieties were bred with ruderalis genetics to automatically transition into the flowering stage based on age rather than light cycles. These plants are known for their shorter life cycles, small stature, and ease of cultivation. Autoflowering strains are an excellent choice for beginners or growers who want faster harvests.

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Low Stress Training (LST)

Low Stress Training involves gently bending and manipulating the plant’s stems to optimize light penetration and promote an even canopy. By tying down branches or using other support methods, LST encourages horizontal growth and prevents tall, spindly plants. This technique can increase yields and improve overall plant health.

Scrog indoor tent

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Mainlining

Mainlining is a medium-stress training technique that involves creating a symmetrical plant structure with multiple large colas. By carefully pruning and training the plant during the vegetative stage, cultivators can achieve more consistent yields and maximize light distribution to all the bud sites. Mainlining requires precision and patience but can result in bountiful harvests.

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Rockwool

Rockwool, also known as mineral wool, is a popular growing medium used for starting seeds and rooting cuttings. It provides excellent moisture retention, aeration, and pH stability. Rockwool cubes or slabs allow for efficient nutrient delivery and root development, making it a favored choice for hydroponic and aeroponic systems.

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Screen of Green (Scrog)

Scrog, or Screen of Green, is a low-stress plant training technique that involves weaving branches through a net or screen placed above the plants. This method ensures an even canopy distribution, improves light penetration, and encourages bud development. Scrog is particularly beneficial for indoor growers or those with limited vertical space.

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Sea of Green (SOG)

Sea of Green is a grow technique that involves cultivating many smaller plants and triggering early flowering to accelerate harvest time. This method maximizes space utilization and can result in abundant yields of smaller buds. SOG is particularly popular in commercial cannabis production or for growers looking for quicker turnovers.

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Synthetic Nutrients

Synthetic nutrients are man-made formulations designed to provide cannabis plants with the essential macro and micronutrients needed for healthy growth. These nutrients come in liquid or powder form and are mixed with water to create a nutrient solution. Synthetic nutrients offer precise control over nutrient ratios and concentrations, making them a popular choice for hydroponic and soilless growing methods. However, it’s essential to monitor the pH level and avoid overfeeding to prevent nutrient burn and maintain optimal plant health.

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Transplanting

Transplanting refers to the process of moving a cannabis plant from one container or growing medium to another during its growth cycle. It allows for root expansion and prevents plants from becoming root-bound, which can negatively affect nutrient uptake and overall growth. When transplanting, it’s crucial to handle the plant gently and avoid damaging the root system. Gradually acclimating the plant to its new environment will help minimize transplant shock and ensure a successful transition.

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